CHULIKA'S: IMPROVED COOKSTOVES IN RURAL INDIA
In rural India 80-90% of domestic energy derives from non-renewable biomass. These fuels are often burned in inefficient stoves, thereby emitting a complex pollutant mixture of particles, carbon monoxide, and toxic compounds such as benzene and formaldehyde. This indoor air pollution (IAP) contributes up to 6.1% of the total burden of disease in India#. In order to empower women the Janara Samuha Mutual Benefit Trust (JSMBT) was registered as a community-based organization in 2011. JSMBT members strive to further economic development and well-being in their villages. Taking steps towards these goals and to fight IAP, JSMBT intends to disseminate 36,000 improved Cook Stoves in 127 villages in the Raichur District of Karnataka, India.
PROJECT IN DETAIL
This project will replace inefficient traditional cook stoves in 18,000 households with efficient fuel wood single/double pan “Chulika” cook stoves in Raichur a biomass deficient district in Karnataka, India. This district has greatly diminished biomass resources and the wood demand far exceeds the available renewable woody biomass.
The Chulika saves fuel wood by 67.5% and has a thermal efficiency of 30.8%. By reducing fuel wood consumption, the project reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions stemming from the use of non-renewable biomass. This design of the Chulika ensures preheating of the air and a complete combustion with no visible smoke and only small amounts of ash. The stove is suitable for rural household cooking wherein cooking, frying, baking flat bread, and heating water for bathing can be conveniently carried out, replacing the traditional cook stove.
The participating families are expected to pay a fee of 20 Rupee to become a Chulika member of JSMBT and 180 Rupee towards the registration of the stoves. The fee is paid after a user agreement is signed. The user agreement outlines the responsibilities of the participating families in the project and the percentage of carbon revenue which will be shared at a later stage.
Economic: Since less time is needed to gather wood and cook which provides additional time for other activities that generate income. As explained in the ‘Fairtrade’ section the project produces sellable carbon credits for the households. Additionally, there are permanent and temporary jobs being created in producing, disseminating, and maintaining the stoves as well as monitoring the CO₂ reductions. Furthermore the JSMBT women members will receive interest on loans provided to the project.
Household Level: This project will reduce drudgery for women (due to reduced fuel wood use) who spend long hours travelling long distances to collect fuel wood. A better quality of life can be expected since there is less smoke and residue in the kitchen and the family can enjoy eating together since.
Health: Indoor air pollution is the fifth biggest health risk in the developing world. 2 million people die worldwide each year from exposure to cook stove smoke. Since the early 1990s, an increasing number of more sophisticated epidemiological studies have linked exposure to indoor air pollution to pneumonia among children and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer among adults, as well as other types of cancers, tuberculosis, cardiovascular disease, adverse pregnancy outcomes, asthma, and cataracts. This project leads to a large reduction of indoor smoke which results in less respiratory problems and premature deaths in the villages. Additionally there is a reduction of health problems related to hygienic issues caused by waste disposal in and around the house.
Want to know more about the positive effects on the local community?
Read the personal stories of the people behind this project or read the inspiring blog by colleague Maarten Derksen during a field visit.
FairClimateFund (FCF) finances the complete production, maintenance, and monitoring of 36,000 Chulikas. Every year the improved cook stoves produce carbon credits which are delivered to FCF, after 5 years the investment is paid off. In other words FCF is paid back in carbon credits. At this time the individual family through JSMBT has the right to sell the carbon credits on the open market.
GOLD STANDARD AND FAIRTRADE CERTIFIED
FairClimateFund only invests in projects that qualify for a Gold Standard Certification. Gold Standard guarantees the additionality of the project and the environmental and social benefits locally. Also, the Chulikaproject in India is Fairtrade certified, the new highest standard for carbon credits.
FCF has partnered with JSMBT since early 2011 providing upfront financing to enable the production and dissemination of 36,000 Chulikas by the end of 2012. The partnership is long term with an aim of monitoring and maintaining the stoves until the units are paid off and carbon income can be generated at a household level.